Warts

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Warts (also called verrucas) are small, firm lumps on the skin. They can be rough, with tiny black dots in the centre, flat & yellow, or round. They can appear on the palms & fingers, toes & soles of the feet, knuckles, & knees. They can appear individually or in clusters, & can be painful if they grow on the soles.

If you have a wart or are noticing an unusual growth on your skin of any kind, it is advised that you make an appointment to see the dermatologist. Recurrent warts can be painful, irritating, & unsightly, & there are treatment options available.
Warts are caused by a virus, which can be spread to other people through physical contact or through touching contaminated surfaces. If you have a wart or verruca, it is advised that you wash your hands regularly, change your socks every day, & cover them with a plaster when swimming or changing in a public bathroom (such as at the gym).

Definition

Warts (also called verrucas) are small, firm lumps on the skin. They can be rough, with tiny black dots in the centre, flat & yellow, or round. They can appear on the palms & fingers, toes & soles of the feet, knuckles, & knees. They can appear individually or in clusters, & can be painful if they grow on the soles.

Symptoms

Other than the lump formed by the wart growing on the skin, warts do not usually present with other symptoms. They can be itchy or painful, but you will usually not notice them unless they are on the soles of the feet, where the pressure of standing on the area can produce sharp pain.

Warts appear most commonly on the hands & feet, & can appear in clusters of several lumps, or just on their own. The virus that causes warts, the human papillomavirus (HPV), can be transmitted during sexual contact, & the HPV virus can cause warts to develop on the genitals. It is possible to have the HPV virus without ever having an occurrence of genital warts, however.

Troublesome warts can recur, be very large & painful, or bleed.
Different kinds of warts have slightly different symptoms.
A common wart (verruca Vulgaris, Palmer wart or Junior wart) is raised, with a rough surface, & can appear anywhere on the body but is mostly on the hands.

A flat wart (Verruca plana or plane wart) is small, smooth, & flat, usually, flesh-colored, & appearing in clusters. These are most commonly found on the face, neck, hands, wrists & knees.
Filiform or digitate warts are finger-shaped, protruding from the skin, & usually found on the face around the lips & eyelids.

Genital warts (venereal wart, Condyloma acuminatum, Verruca acuminata) are small white bumps that appear on the genitals.
Periungual warts occur around the fingernails. They have a cauliflower-like texture & tend to grow in clusters.

Plantar warts (verruca, Verruca plantaris) are hard, with black dots at their centers, & usually painful due to their appearance mostly on the soles of the feet.
Mosaic warts are a kind of plantar wart that grows in tight clusters, usually on the hands or soles.

Step By Step

Step 1

Consultation

During your consultation, the dermatologist will perform a physical examination of your skin, & discuss any relevant symptoms or past medical history with you. You will discuss treatment options & you may wish to have a procedure to remove your warts during this time, or book a future appointment to have this done.
 
Step 2

Procedure

If you are diagnosed with warts & wish to have them removed, you can opt to have cryotherapy, which involves the dermatologist freezing the affected area with liquid nitrogen. There are also several medications & topical treatments available, & the dermatologist will discuss these with you & help you choose the best course of action.
 
Step 3

After The Treatment

If you have a procedure to remove your warts, the dermatologist will go over any aftercare instructions with you. You will receive instructions on how to proceed with your treatment plan & how to take any medications prescribed.