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Acne

Professional diagnosis & treatment for conditions

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Acne is a common skin condition affecting the face, back & chest, involving spots, pimples, oily skin, nodules, & cysts. It can be mild or severe, is especially common in women, & often triggered by hormonal changes.

Acne can have a number of different causes, so it is a good idea to see a doctor & find out the best possible options available.

Definition

Acne is a common skin condition affecting the face, back & chest, involving spots, pimples, oily skin, nodules, & cysts. It can be mild or severe, is especially common in women, & often triggered by hormonal changes.

Symptoms

The symptoms of acne involve different types of spots appearing on the skin, mainly on the face, chest, upper back, & shoulders. These spots are caused by the sebaceous glands & hair follicles getting plugged up with dead skin cells & oils. It is a particularly common condition amongst teenagers & younger adults, but it can affect people of all ages.
The main symptoms of acne are:
Redness (erythema)
Oily skin
Painful skin (hot, red, sore painful to touch)
Emotional & psychological distress
Scarring
Blackheads – dark blemishes, the colour of which is caused by melanin from sebum getting trapped in a sebaceous gl& & oxidising
Whiteheads – sebum blocks a sebaceous gl& & mixes with dead skin cells & bacteria
Papules – small, tender red bumps
Pustules or pimples – a blocked sebaceous gl& becomes infected & develops pus, causing the skin to redden & bulge; these can be painful, grow large & turn into cysts
Cysts or cystic lesions – cysts are a symptom of severe acne, they occur when a pocket of tissue fills with pus & other fluids, & can be inflamed and/or painful, & carry the greatest risks of scarring
Nodules – nodules are large, hard lumps that develop beneath the skin, which can be very painful

Acne is evaluated by its severity, from 1 to 4.
In mild acne, the skin mostly shows whiteheads & blackheads, as well as some papules & pustules
In moderate acne, the whiteheads & blackheads are more extensive, with more papules & pustules
In severe cases, the papules & pustules are large & painful & accompanied by nodules or cysts. This kind of acne can cause scarring. Emotional & psychological distress can be a secondary symptom of acne due to the condition often severely affecting the patient’s appearance, sometimes causing deep scarring, & being painful & uncomfortable.

Step By Step

Step 1

Consultation

During your consultation, the dermatologist will examine & evaluate your skin. They will ask you questions about your acne, such as how long you have had it, whether there are any triggers that make it worse, & any relevant past medical or family history.
 
Step 2

Procedure

Depending on the severity of your acne, the dermatologist will offer several options for treatment, which you can then discuss according to your own personal needs & preferences, to find the best & most effective treatment plan. Some medications will require you to undergo blood tests.
 
Step 3

After The Treatment

The dermatologist will give you advice regarding any medication or prescriptions you decide to take, as well as any ongoing care instructions. Depending on your treatment plan, you may need to come back for a follow-up within an agreed window.