Asthma

Evaluation & treatment of asthma cases

Asthma is a common, long-term condition of the respiratory system that affects around 5.4 million people in the UK.
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Main symptoms of asthma:

  • Wheezing sound when breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Severe chest tightness & restriction
  • Cough

The symptoms can be mild or severe. With proper medication, these effects can be managed, allowing the person to live a normal life. Some severe cases however can be difficult to control.

If you notice a pattern to your symptoms, such as particular triggers or environments, this can help your doctor to find the best treatment options.

During asthma attacks, normal symptoms become more severe, and in some cases can require hospital treatment. This can happen suddenly, or develop gradually.

Causes

Asthma is caused by inflammation of the bronchi, the small tubes which carry air in & out of the lungs. When they are inflamed, it can make it difficult to breathe.

Irritants such as dust, cigarette smoke, pet dander, pollen, & other environmental allergens can trigger asthma by causing the muscles around the airways to tighten & produce phlegm. Exercise & viral infections can also trigger the condition’s characteristic attacks.

Other substances in your work or home environment (allergens or chemicals) may also trigger asthma. If you notice a pattern in the severity of your symptoms (worse at work or better when on holiday), speak to one of our doctors.

Symptoms of an asthma attack

  • Constant, severe wheezing or coughing
  • Breathlessness affecting speech or eating
  • Cyanosis (blue skin) of the lips or fingers
  • Decreased effectiveness of usual medication

 

If the attack is severe, emergency care is needed.

What to do next?

If you have already been diagnosed with asthma & would like support in managing your condition, or if you are experiencing some of the symptoms above but have not been diagnosed, please make an appointment to speak to one of our doctors. Call during office hours or use our online booking system to make your appointment.

020 7323 1023
Harley Street Area, W1
020 3553 1798
City of London, EC3V