Childhood injuries are a frequent occurrence and will more often than not be scrapes and sprains. Here are some guidelines to follow.
In case of a cut or scrape:
- Direct pressure should stop the bleeding after five or ten minutes.
- Wash the injury clean with water and check that nothing is stuck in the skin
- Cover with a bandage and an antibiotic ointment to prevent infection.
In case of a sprain or strain:
- Ensure that no bones have broken – the pain should lessen when the affected limb is rested. Constant pain is often the sign of a fracture, and if you are uncertain, a visit to the doctor for an x-ray is advised.
- Rest and elevate the injured limb to higher than heart level
- Apply ice to the affected area to bring swelling down
You should seek medical advice in the following cases:
- If the wound does not stop bleeding after ten minutes.
- If a cut is particularly wide or deep, or has ragged edges
- Increasing swelling
- Pus or other drainage (sign of infection)
- Numb feeling in the injured area
- Increasing pain