Gluten intolerance is a sensitivity to wheat, rye, and barley. Gluten intolerance causes various symptoms to develop, including:
• abdominal discomfort
• fatigue, especially after eating
• bone or joint pain
An elimination diet is often the best way to tell whether your body reacts negatively to gluten. If you cut out wheat for two weeks and notice a decreasing of your symptoms, you may wish to cut it out entirely, or limit your intake.
Coeliac disease is often incorrectly referred to as a gluten intolerance. It is, in fact, an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks its own tissue. Long-term symptoms of coeliac sufferers include abdominal pain, bloating, indigestion, constipation, diarrhoea, and sudden weight loss. Coeliac affects the villi, tiny projections lining the intestinal wall, and prevent them from absorbing the nutrients from food, which can explain why coeliac sufferers also experience low energy, hair loss, and anxiety.
A diagnosis for coeliac disease is made through a blood test to check for antibodies in the blood.